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Ngnix

The company intends to replace http with https in the Ngxin environment. It requires http to force a jump to https. This search on the Internet, the basic summary
Configure rewrite ^(.*)$ https://$host$1 permanent;

Or in the server configuration return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;

Or in the server with if, here refers to the need to configure multiple domain names

If ($host ~* “^rmohan.com$”) {

Rewrite ^/(.*)$ https://dev.rmohan.com/ permanent;

}

Or in the server configuration error_page 497 https://$host$uri?$args;

Basically on the above several methods, website visit is no problem, jump is ok

After the configuration is successful, prepare to change the address of the APP interface to https. This is a problem.

The investigation found that the first GET request is to receive information, POST pass in the past is no information, I configure the $ request_body in the nginx log, the log inside that does not come with parameters, view the front of the log, POST changed Become a GET. Finding the key to the problem

Through the online search, the discovery was caused by 301. Replaced by 307 problem solving.

301 Moved Permanently The
requested resource has been permanently moved to a new location, and any future references to this resource should use one of several URIs returned by this response

307 Temporary Redirect The
requested resource now temporarily responds to requests from different URIs. Because such redirection is temporary, the client should continue to send future requests to the original address.

From the above we can see that 301 jump is a permanent redirect, and 307 is a temporary redirect. This is the difference between 301 jumps and 307 jumps.

The above may not look very clear, simple and straightforward to express the difference:

Return 307 https://$server_name$request_uri;

307: For a POST request, indicating that the request has not yet been processed, the client should re-initiate a POST request to the URI in Location.

Change to the 307 status code to force the request to change the previous method.

The following configuration 80 and 443 coexist:

Need to be configured in a server, 443 port plus ssl. Comment out ssl on;, as follows:

Server{
listen 80;
listen 443 ssl;
server_name testapp.***.com;
root /data/vhost/test-app;
index index.html index.htm index.shtml index.php;
#ssl on;
ssl_certificate /usr/local/nginx/https/***.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/nginx/https/***.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE -RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:!AESGCM;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on
ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
error_page 404 /404. Html;
Location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fastcgi.conf;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
#include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
}
access_log /data/logs/ Nginx/access.log access;
error_log /data/logs/nginx/error.log crit;
}

The two server wording:

Server{
listen 80;
server_name testapp.***.com;
rewrite ^(.*) https://$server_name$1 permanent;
}

Server{
listen 443;
server_name testapp.***.com;
root /data/vhost/test-app;
index index.html index.htm index.shtml index.php;
Ssl on;
ssl_certificate /usr/local/nginx/https/***.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/nginx/https/***.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE- RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:!AESGCM;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on
ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
error_page 404 /404.html ;
Location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fastcgi.conf;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
#include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
}
access_log /data/logs/ Nginx/access.log access;
error_log /data/logs/nginx/error.log crit;
}

Offer ssl optimization, the following can be used according to business, not all configuration, the general configuration of the red part on the line

Ssl on;
ssl_certificate /usr/local/https/www.localhost.com.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/https/www.localhost.com.key;

Ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; #allows only TLS protocol
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:! AESGCM; # cipher suite, here used CloudFlare’s Internet facing SSL cipher configurationssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; # negotiated the best encryption algorithm for the server ssl_session_cache builtin: 1000 shared: SSL: 10m;
# Session Cache, the Session cache to the server, which may take up More server resources ssl_session_tickets on; # Open the browser’s Session Ticket cache ssl_session_timeout 10m; # SSL session expiration time ssl_stapling on;
# OCSP Stapling is ON, OCSP is a service for online query certificate revocation, using OCSP Stapling can certificate The valid state information is cached to the server to increase the TLS handshake speed ssl_stapling_verify on; #OCSP Stapling verification opens the resolver 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4 valid=300s; # is used to query the DNS resolver_timeout 5s of the OCSP server; # query domain timeout time

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