wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el7-8.noarch.rpm

[root@clusterserver2 software]# rpm -ivh mysql57-community-release-el7-8.noarch.rpm
warning: mysql57-community-release-el7-8.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
Preparing…                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing…
1:mysql57-community-release-el7-8  ################################# [100%]

After the installation of this package. We will get two new yum repo related to MySQL

[root@localhost ~]# ls -1 /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community*
/etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo
/etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community-source.repo
[root@localhost ~]#

Installing MySQL Server

By using yum command, now we will install MySQL Server 5.6 . All dependencies will be installed itself.

yum install mysql-server

How to start/stop/restart MySQL Server

Now MySQL Server is installed on your system.

To start MySQL Service
, run command

systemctl start mysqld

To stop MySQL Service, run command

systemctl stop mysqld

To restart MySQL Service, run command

systemctl restart mysqld

To get status of MySQL Service, run command

systemctl status mysqld

Reset MySQL root password

On fresh installation of MySQL Server. The MySQL root user password is blank.
For good security practice, we should reset the password MySQL root user.

On newly installed MySQL Server, we generally recommend to use the command script. You have to just follow the instructions.

mysql_secure_installation

In another method,you can log into MySQL server database and reset the password in secure way.

mysql -u root

You will see mysql prompt like this mysql> . Use the below given commands to reset root’s password.

mysql> use mysql;
mysql> update user set password=PASSWORD("GIVE-NEW-ROOT-PASSWORD") where User='root';
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> quit

 

MySQL version: 5.7.9

For development, using a MySQL server with strong password policy is dosing some matter.

If you set a simply password for someone, you will got an error like this:

ERROR 1819 (HY000): Your password does not satisfy the current policy requirements

To change the default password plugin level, we can change the settings at runtime or in config file.

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'validate_password%';
+--------------------------------------+--------+
| Variable_name                        | Value  |
+--------------------------------------+--------+
| validate_password_dictionary_file    |        |
| validate_password_length             | 8      |
| validate_password_mixed_case_count   | 1      |
| validate_password_number_count       | 1      |
| validate_password_policy             | MEDIUM |
| validate_password_special_char_count | 1      |
+--------------------------------------+--------+
6 rows in set (0.01 sec)

The default level is MEDIUM, we can change it to LOW, which will only check the password’s length(min: 8 chars).

mysql> SET GLOBAL validate_password_policy=LOW;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


$ mysql -u root -p
> setpassword forroot@localhost=password('newpass');
$ mysql -u root -p
> show variables like 'char%';
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| Variable_name            | Value                      |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| character_set_client     | utf8                       |
| character_set_connection | utf8                       |
| character_set_database   | utf8                       |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
| character_set_results    | utf8                       |
| character_set_server     | utf8                       |
| character_set_system     | utf8                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Or we can set it in my.cnf file

[mysqld]
validate_password_policy=LOW



systemctl restart mysqld.service

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